This section uses data from the AAMC and the U.S. Census Bureau to explore racial and ethnic diversity in three groups—medical school applicants, matriculants, and graduates—by state of legal residence. While these data provide only a one-year snapshot of student diversity in medical education by state and region, they do reflect consistent national racial and ethnic demographic patterns. For example, American Indian or Alaska Native students demonstrate the highest proportional representation in all groups from the Southwest, Northern Plains, and Alaska. Black or African American students demonstrate the highest proportional representation in the three groups from the South and Mid-Atlantic states. This mirrors the nationwide population trends for American Indians or Alaskan Natives and Blacks or African Americans. Mapping these data presents a strong visual representation of medical education diversity. However, as a note caution, the mapping data should be considered as part of an overall understanding of demographic data trends regarding medical school students.

This map can assist applicants, students, medical school administrators and faculty, and policymakers in identifying (a) state and regional demographic patterns for student recruitment and enrollment and (b) state and regional demographic patterns for medical school graduates. These geographic patterns can inform efforts to further diversity in medical education and the physician workforce by leveraging state-level student data in strategy and planning.

Race and Ethnicity of Medical School Applicants, Matriculants, and Graduates by Legal State of Residence

The map below shows the concentration of select race and ethnicity of medical school applicants, matriculants, and graduates by state of legal residence. The dropdown feature allows the map to be customized by student group and race/ethnicity. Roll over each state to view student group level and state population data for the selected race/ethnicity.

Not included in the mapping data is persons who identify as non-Hispanic multiple race, other race, or unknown race, as well as those who are non-U.S. citizens and non-permanent residents. Thus, the state-level percentage totals will not sum to 100%.

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State Totals

State American Indian or Alaska Native Asian Black or African American Hispanic or Latino Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander White

Source: AAMC Data Warehouse:Applicant Biographic File, as of April 15, 2016. AAMC Data Warehouse: Student File, as of April 15, 2016. American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau; 2014.

Methodology Note: For state identification, this analysis uses legal state of residence for all applicants, matriculating students, and medical school graduates. Applicants’ and matriculating students’ race and ethnicity were obtained from the self-identified race and ethnicity information from their most recent medical school applications. Medical school applicants, matriculants, and graduates without U.S. citizenship nor U.S. permanent resident status, as well as those with other or unknown race/ethnicity, were excluded from this data. For most medical school graduates, we used the most recent self-identified race and ethnicity information from their medical school applications; for the remainder, we gathered race and ethnicity information from other data sources available at the AAMC, for example, the Student Records System. In this section, racial and ethnic groups defined as mutually exclusive groups are as follows: (1) Hispanic or Latino (of any race), referred to as Hispanic; (2) non-Hispanic White, referred to as White; (3) non-Hispanic Black or African American, referred to as Black; (4) non-Hispanic Asian or Asian American, referred to as Asian; (5) non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaska Native; and (6) non-Hispanic Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander.